Most university aspirants from the science department often apply for Medicine and Surgery. But the sad truth is that more than 50% of these students are denied admission thereby leaving them to find medical related courses which they can also study instead of staying an additional year at home.
These courses are also under medicine and surgery in the universities, so you have virtually nothing to lose by studying them.
Students who graduate with good grades in these medical courses also work with medical doctors in other to save lives in various hospitals.
Having known that, let’s move straight into a comprehensive list of the 9 courses under medicine and surgery in most Nigerian Universities.
List Of Courses Under Medicine And Surgery In Nigerian Universities
Dentistry is a branch of medicine that deals with the study, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the teeth.
People who study dentistry are called dentists and they currently have a high employment rate in Nigeria.
As a dentist, you can either work for a government/private hospital as a specialist or you can set up your own specialist centre where you can take care of people with dental diseases and also become an employer of labour in Nigeria.
The complete job of a dentist includes:
- Remove decay from teeth and fill cavities
- Administer sealants and whitening agents on teeth in needed
- Prescribe medications to dental patients
- Repair or remove cracked or fractured teeth
- Conduct X-rays on teeth, gums, jaw, and other dental related areas
- Educate dental patients about how to take good care of their oral cavity(diets, kinds of toothpaste etc)
2. Medical Laboratory Science
Any person medical laboratory science can be referred to as a medical laboratory scientist (MLS), or a clinical laboratory scientist (CLS).
They perform chemical, haematological, immunologic, histopathological, cytopathological, microscopic, and bacteriological diagnostic analyses on various body fluids which include blood, urine, sputum, stool, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), peritoneal fluid, pericardial fluid, and synovial fluid etc.
Med lab science is also a very popular medical related course and is offered in almost all state/federal/private universities and polytechnics in Nigeria. As a graduate of medical laboratory science in Nigeria, you can work in clinical laboratories, hospitals, research labs, biotechnology labs and non-clinical industrial labs.
If you decide not to work with other organizations, you can also set up your own private medical laboratory where people can do various scans and tests.
The governing body of medical laboratory scientists in Nigeria is the Medical Laboratory Science Council of Nigeria (MLSCN). You can check their website at http://www.mlscn.gov.ng to know more.
Nursing is one of the courses under medicine and surgery in Nigeria. This part of medicine is completely focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so that they can recover and gain optimal health and quality of life.
This course is currently one of the “Hotcake” courses in the country’s educational sector.
Over the years, nursing has continued to be a female-dominated profession. But this doesn’t mean that males can’t study this course and become successful.
Nurses develop a plan of care, working collaboratively with physicians, therapists, the patient, the patient’s family and other team members, that focuses on treating illness to improve the quality of life.
As a pharmacist, your major job will be the of preparing and dispensing drugs. You also get opportunity to specialise in other pharmacy oriented professions which include pharmacology, clinical pharmacy and others.
Pharmacy graduates are almost not unemployable in Nigeria currently. They work in almost all medical fields which includes hospitals, drug manufacturing firms, NAFDAC, NDLEA e.t.c.
As a pharmacist, can also set up your pharmacy shop(after acquiring a license) and make cool money from drug sales and prescriptions.
This is also one of the major medicine and surgery related courses in Nigeria.
This profession involves examining the eyes and other visual systems for defects or abnormalities and the medical diagnosis and management of various visual related diseases.
Optometrists are also trained to prescribe various lenses or spectacles which helps correct various eye defects and also improve the overall visual experience.
These professionals can work as specialists in various government/private hospitals or establish their own private “eye hospitals”.
While most science courses offer BS.c and BTech degrees, Optometrists hold an O.D degree which stands for Doctors of Optometry.
Physiotherapists are medical professionals who help people affected by injury, illness or disability through movement and exercise, manual therapy, education and advice and others.
They also help to maintain healthy people of all ages, helping patients to manage various pains and prevent disease which may arise.
Although not a very popular course in Nigerian universities, physiotherapists are very employable in the country as most Nigerians need their services now more than ever.
7. Medical Radiology/Radiography
Radiography is the science of imaging of body cells, tissues and organs for the purpose of diagnosis using scientific techniques and tools such as ionizing radiation in safe doses. In most Nigerian universities, Medical Radiology/Radiography is now offered as a fulltime course for a duration of 5 years.
There is this claim that No Nigerian Radiographer Is Jobless by some medical experts in the country.
Well, that might be very true as they’re still very few Radiographers in the country.
There is also a huge demand for these professionals by various government-owned and private hospitals who can only engage their services on a part-time basis since they often cannot pay them full time.
In summary, Medical Radiology/Radiography is also one of the “Hotcake” courses under medicine and surgery in Nigeria.
8. Veterinary Medicine
Veterinary medicine is a branch of medicine that covers the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in animals(humans excluded).
This course is also very broad as it covers the treatment of all animal species, both domesticated and wild, with various conditions which can affect different species of these animals.
Gone are those days when people laughed at others who studied veterinary medicine as this is currently one of the most in-demand courses in Nigeria right now.
9. Human Anatomy
This is the scientific study of the structure of the body of an adult human. Human anatomy is further subdivided into gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy.
As a human anatomist, you can work in the government-owned and private hospitals in the country as a specialist in the human body. You can also work as a lecturer in universities and other places.
Other Courses Under Medicine And Surgery In Nigeria
- Infectious Diseases
- Trauma and Emergencies
- Cardiothoracic surgery
- Plastic and reconstructive surgery
- Ear Nose and Throat (E.N.T)/Maxillofacial surgery
- Family Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Community Medicine/Community Health
- Pathology (Microbiology, Hematology, Chemical Pathology and Histopathology)