Cassava Farming in Nigeria: Latest Guide For Beginners

Cassava farming in Nigeria is a very lucrative business because cassava is one of the staple foods in Nigeria.

There is basically no family in Nigeria that doesn’t have one use or two of cassava and its products.

cassava farming in Nigeria
Start Cassava Farming In Nigeria

Cassava can be processed into garri, wheat flour, animal feed, and commercial caramel, used for cassava fufu, and a lot more.

Cassava can be processed into a few products like starch, flour, chips, ethanol, and glucose syrup, and recently into bread.

These products made from cassava enjoy high demand in Nigeria and can as well serve as potential products for export.

With the uses of cassava and its product increasing exponentially cassava farming is become more lucrative with Nigeria being the largest producer of cassava in the world.

If you’re looking for a viable agro investment, Cassava farming holds a lot of money-spinning potential starting from farming the product and engaging in the processing of it and making use of the processed cassava in the production of a lot of food materials mentioned earlier in this article.

Steps To Start Cassava Farming In Nigeria

1. Select A Site For Your Cassava Farm

To ensure the success of your cassava farming, it is significant to make use of a piece of land that is easily accessible, well-drained, and fertile.

You can provide a sample of the soil you want to use for cassava farming to the IITA to assist you to verify is the soil will result in a high yield of cassava.

In Nigeria, practically all the land areas in the south are good for cassava farming, however, it is better to verify to ensure that you are investing properly.

Your choice of land for a cassava farm has to be an area with deep well-drained loamy soil, with adequate rainfall together with warm and moist climatic conditions.

2. Choose Good Cassava Varieties

There are broad varieties of cassava that you can plant. To ensure a good yield of cassava, choose from any of the following recommended cassava breeds: TMS 30572, NR 8082, NR8083, TMS 4(2) 1425, TMS 81/00110, TMS 92/0326. They have a high yield and processing capacity.

Additional varieties are soon going to be added to the list. It is better to verify from experts to ensure you get it right.

3. Prepare The Land For Cassava Planting

You need a total herbicide like glyphosate applied to the cassava farmland at the rate of 4–5 l/ hectare ten days before preparing the land for planting.

Read Also:  Pig Farming in Nigeria: Latest Guide For Beginners (2021)

To get a cheaper and optimal number of cassava plants per hectare, it is better to make use of mechanized farming in the production of the ridges and planting.

The types of fertilizers that are suitable for cassava farming in Nigeria

The recommended fertilizers for the cultivation of cassava include the following:

  • NPK 15:15:15–12 (50 kg) bags
  • NPK 20:10:10–9 (50 kg) bags
  • NPK 12:12:17–15 (50 kg) bags

Fertilizer application should be done two months after planting. The fertilizer should be applied in a ring of, 6 cm wide and 10 cm from the plant.

You can also use the broadcasting method of fertilizer application but you must ensure that that the fertilizer does not come in contact with the leaf or stem of the plant.

4. Choose Healthy Cassava Stem Cuttings

Cassava is grown through the stem cuttings. Using healthy stem cuttings ensures that your cassava crops grow well.

You can buy the cassava stem cuttings in the market and the villages from local farmers.

After purchasing good cassava stem cuttings to start your farm, you need to keep replicating the breed from your farm when you harvest your cassava or from a cassava tree with a few branches.

The best way to get a good cassava stem cutting is to:

  • Go to farms with healthy cassava plants.
  • Avoid buying from cassava farms and plants that have suffered from pests and diseases in the past.
Read Also:  GTBank Dollar To Naira Exchange Rate Today (Updated Daily)

Cassava Yield

Cassava yield is about 25 tons/ha and above. This can be easily achieved with good agronomic practices and management.

Thus, you need to take care while planting your cassava to do it right.


After the planting season and the harvest, your profitability will depend on the market where you sell your products at the right price.

When you invest right in Cassava farming, you are sure to make a lot of money out of your investment

1 thought on “Cassava Farming in Nigeria: Latest Guide For Beginners”

  1. hello please am about to start a cassava farming operation and i have a whole lots of questions i wanna ask if you could kindly put me through some lessons of where to go about it


Leave a comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.